Robotics is the science that deals with the technology of robots, their design, manufacture, and application. Robotics is synonymous with automation.
Robots are mainly used for carrying materials including heavy parts to and from inconvenient locations and handling hazardous materials like nuclear waste. The benefit of robots is that they never get tired or exhausted.
The mechanization in processing of Robotics is divided into three types and they are hard, programmable, and flexible.
In the hard type, the series of processing operations is fixed by the structure or configuration of the equipment used in. The significant characteristic of the hard type is the high capital investment as in automobile assembly line. In programmable automation, the same tools can be reprogrammed to suit the requirement of diverse types of products. And in flexible automation, the reprogramming is done offline. The two vital elements of robotics are numerical control and tele-operations. The two technologies of numerical control and tele-operation are combined in industrial robots.
It is seen that facilities are found in institutions such as the IITs for research-oriented work in this discipline, typically as part of PG programmes. BITS Pilani, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore and Manipal Institute of technology also has better amenities.
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